Marine Fenders

How to Choose the Right Yokohama Pneumatic Fenders?

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Update time : 2022-08-01 10:56:13
Yokohama fender, also known as pneumatic fender, is a common floating fender. It mainly uses air as the medium and uses compressed air to absorb impact energy. It makes the ship more flexible and soft when berthing, so as to achieve the effect of anti-collision.

Yokohama Pneumatic Fender


Basic Composition of Yokohama Pneumatic Fenders

The Yokohama pneumatic fenders are made of synthetic cord reinforced rubber sheets with compressed air inside with an initial pressure of 50kpa or 80kpa, allowing them to float on the water and act as shock absorbers between the two boats. According to ISO17357-1:2014, the pneumatic fender consists of the following parts:

Basic Composition of Yokohama Pneumatic Fenders

1. Outer rubber layer
The rubber layer covering the outer side of the fender is used to protect the fender frame material and the inner rubber from external damage or wear.

2. Inner rubber layer
The rubber layer on the inner wall of the fender is used to prevent gas leakage and maintain the air pressure of the fender.

3. Cord rubber layer
The baked skeleton material consists of hanging rubber cord fabric.

4. Winding ring
A steel ring placed at one (or both) ends of the fender is used to fix the end of the cord fabric.

5. End flange
The metal parts at both ends of the fender can be fitted with inflatable valves and safety valves.


Advantages of Yokohama Pneumatic Fenders

Yokohama pneumatic fenders have been widely used in tankers, container ships, yachts, offshore platforms, large docks, military ports, large terminals, etc.
Compared with the traditional elastic rubber fenders, Yokohama fenders have the following advantages:

1. Large impact energy absorbed and small impact resistance to the ship.
2. Easy to install.
3. Good elasticity and no deformation under pressure.
4. Lightweight, practical and economic.


Performance of Yokohama Pneumatic Fenders

Diameter x Length [mm] 50kPa Performance Data 80kPa Performance Data
Hull Pressure at GEA / kN / m2 Reaction Force /kN Energy Absorption /kNm Hull Pressure at GEA / kN / m2 Reaction Force /kN Energy Absorption /kNm
1000x1500 122 182 32 160 239 45
1000 x2000 132 257 45 174 338 63
1200 x2000 126 297 63 166 390 88
1350 x2500 130 427 102 170 561 142
1500 x 3000 153 579 153 174 761 214
1700 x 3000 128 639 191 168 840 267
2000 x 3500 128 875 308 168 1150 430
2500 x4000 137 1381 663 180 1815 925
2500 x 5500 148 2019 943 195 2653 1317
3300x4500 130 1884 1175 171 2476 1640
3300 x 6500 146 3015 1814 191 3961 2532
3300 x 10600 158 5257 3067 208 6907 4281
4500 x 9000 146 5747 4752 192 7551 6633
* Other sizes can be produced following the client's requirements.

Selection of Yokohama Pneumatic Fenders

When ship owners choose fenders, sometimes the factors considered are not comprehensive enough, and they often feel very troublesome. The following example can help solve this problem.

Examples of fender options for small and medium-sized ships

Tonnage of Vessel (T) Suitable Size
D*L (m)
Vessel Type
50 0.5*1.0 Fishing boat
100 0.7*1.5 〜1.07.5 Fishing boat
200 L0*L5T2*2.0 Fishing boat and tugboat
300-500 1.2*2.0 〜1.525 Fishing boat and tugboat
1000 1.5*2.5 〜1.5*3.0 Tugboat, transport vessel
3000 2.0*3.0~2.0*3.5 Ocean trawler, transport vessel
10000 20*3.5-2.5*4.0 Transport ship


Examples of fender options for large ships
Assumed landing speed
Effective motion energy
Suitable Size
D*L (m)
200000 0.15 1890 3.3*6.5
150000 0.15 1417 3.3*6.5
100000 0.15 945 3.0*5.0
85000 0.17 1031 3.0*6.0
50000 0.1 600 2.5*5.5
40000 0.2 672 2.5,5.5
30000 0.22 609 2.5M.0
20000 0.25 525 2.5*4.0
15000 0.26 425 2.5*40
10000 0.28 329 2.0*40

Why Are Pneumatic Fenders Also Called Yokohama Fenders?

What is the difference between pneumatic fenders and Yokohama fenders? Pneumatic fenders or Yokohama fenders are actually two names for the same product. Pneumatic fenders are air-filled rubber fenders (hence the name pneumatic fenders). This type of rubber fender was first developed by Yokohama in 1958. Since then, it has become a widely used fender in shipping and ports.

Yokohama fenders are used for berthing ships in (sea) ports as well as the ships themselves. On ships, fenders are often used in situations where a ship (such as a bunkering vessel) approaches to transfer cargo from one ship to another. In addition, pneumatic fenders are also commonly used in offshore engineering or dredging industries.

Because pneumatic fenders are filled with air, the fenders float like foam or foam-filled fenders. So what is the difference between Yokohama pneumatic fenders and foam filled fenders? Please refer to: The difference between Yokohama pneumatic fenders and foam filled fenders.


Yokohama Pneumatic Fender Types

Sling Type Yokohama Pneumatic Fender
Chain Tyre Net Type Yokohama Pneumatic Fender

Yokohama pneumatic fenders are available in diameters ranging from 300 mm to 4500 mm and lengths ranging from 500 mm to 9000 mm, as well as special sizes.
All sizes are available with sling type or heavy-duty chain and tire mesh.

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